The importance of the phenomenological apprehension of design in nature to religion is that it is a “point of contact” (Emil Brunner) for the religious belief in creation.The apprehension of design in nature represents a third kind of cognitive apprehension that is neither scientific nor religious but phenomenological.You could say it is situated between science and religion.
The importance of the phenomenological apprehension of design in nature to religion is that it is a “point of contact” (Emil Brunner) for the religious belief in creation.The apprehension of design in nature represents a third kind of cognitive apprehension that is neither scientific nor religious but phenomenological.You could say it is situated between science and religion.Tags: Secondary School Homework HelpPhilosophy Of Education Term PapersExamples Of Autobiography EssayTypes Of Organization In An EssayExporting Business PlanAbraham Lincoln Essay PaperEssay On SincerityInternational Essay S 2013
Any textbook of biology will show numerous analogies to artefacts.
Kant (1724-1804) pointed out in : “Biology is the study of complicated things that give the appearance of having been designed for a purpose.” (Dawkins 1986:6).
Our apprehension of the design of the cilium or intracellular transport rests on the same principles as our apprehension of the jungle trap: the ordering of separate components to achieve an identifiable function that depends sharply on the components. Accordingly nobody who teaches biology can do without references and analogies to artefacts.
Proteins are called nano-machines, the muscle-cell is compared to a combustion engine, the amino acid sequences in DNA are compared with human codes and language, the brain is compared with a computer and so on.
The lead explorer is pulled up and left dangling from a tree by a vine wrapped around his foot, and has been skewered by wooden spikes aimed precisely at the position in the air where the vines pulled him.
A companion turns to another and confides, “That´s why I never walk in front.” Now every person who sees the cartoon knows immediately that the trap was designed. How does the audience apprehend that the trap was designed? Probably not.) One can tell that the trap was designed because of the way the parts interact with great specificity to perform a function …It is a big problem that today there seems only to be two categories; science and religion.The idea of design in nature fits into neither of these categories, and therefore we tend to loose it as a valid concept for expressing our experience of nature.The idea of design in nature has it that the presence of intelligence in nature can explain the emergence of such biological phenomena.This claim is in itself phenomenological in character inasmuch as it results from intuitive and spontaneous observation.From a phenomenological perspective, implicit in the description of something exhibiting design, is the claim that there is an underlying intelligence. In one sense, this is merely a further refinement of what is being described and so the explanation itself is also arrived at in a spontaneous way.Logically speaking, it might be said that the move from design to intelligence is an inference.We describe an organism as a whole, whose parts are organized in such a way as to enable the joint performance of a function no single component could accomplish in isolation, and that description corresponds exactly to the description of artefacts designed by human beings.We see the complex systems of the organisms, and we get a clear impression of design and purpose.Introduction When it comes to debating the idea of design in nature I think it is important to note that the situation is very different in the USA and Europe.In the USA the idea has been compromised by creationism.