Define Ninety Five Thesis

Yet it does not mean inward repentance only, as there is no inward repentance that does not manifest itself outwardly through various mortifications of the flesh.4.

The penalty of sin, therefore, continues so long as hatred of self, or true inward repentance, continues, and it continues until our entrance into the kingdom of heaven.5.

The pope does not intend to remit, and cannot remit, any penalties except those that he has imposed either by his own authority or by the authority of the canons.6.

The pope cannot remit any guilt, except by declaring that it has been remitted by God and by assenting to God’s work of remission.

Therefore by “full remission of all penalties” the pope means not actually “of all,” but only of those penalties imposed by himself.21.

Therefore those preachers of indulgences are in error, who say that by the pope’s indulgences a man is freed from every penalty and is saved.22.

Scholars agree that he, at the very least, would have mailed the document to the pope, the Archbishop of Mainz, friends and other scholars.

In February 2007, there were media reports of a handwritten note by Georg Rorer, Luther's secretary, affirming the traditional account of the story.

The church sold indulgences as a fundraising campaign commissioned by Pope Leo through a Dominican priest, Johann Tetzel, in Germany.

Tetzel and others were gathering money for the renovation of St. Luther felt it wrong that penance for sin had become a commercial transaction rather than a change of heart.


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