Essay Smuggling

Essay Smuggling-18
Wildlife trade alone is a major threat to some species, but its impact is frequently made worse by habitat loss and other pressures.The very existence of illegal trade undermines efforts made by countries to protect their natural resources.

Wildlife trade alone is a major threat to some species, but its impact is frequently made worse by habitat loss and other pressures.The very existence of illegal trade undermines efforts made by countries to protect their natural resources.

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Rhino horn, elephant ivory and tiger products continue to command high prices among consumers, especially in Asia.

In Vietnam, the recent myth that rhino horn can cure cancer has led to massive poaching in South Africa and pushed the price of rhino horn to rival gold.

Many countries also still lack strict national legislation and/or appropriate penalties for illegal wildlife trade.

To address this challenge, WWF helps countries comply with Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) regulations by supporting program development, workshops and the creation of regulations.

As human populations have grown, so has the demand for wildlife.

People in many countries are accustomed to a lifestyle which fuels demand for wildlife.Illegal wildlife trade is driven by high profit margins and, in many cases, the high prices paid for rare species.Vulnerable wild animals are pushed further to the edge of extinction when nature can’t replenish their stocks to keep up with the rate of human consumption.Illegal wildlife trade is run by criminal networks with wide, international reach. Recent evidence shows that some networks are also linked to terrorist organizations.Local wildlife is considered an important resource by many communities, often the poorest, in the developing world.WWF provides technical and scientific advice to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).WWF and TRAFFIC research illegal wildlife trade routes, the effects of wildlife trade on particular species and deficiencies in wildlife trade laws.These areas are called “wildlife trade hotspots.” They include China's international borders, trade hubs in East/Southern Africa and Southeast Asia, the eastern borders of the European Union, some markets in Mexico, parts of the Caribbean, parts of Indonesia and New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands.While these hotspots might be trouble areas at present, they also offer opportunities for great conservation success, if action and funds are well-focused.This includes the people buying the end product as well as shop-keepers, suppliers and manufacturers.WWF actively discourages the purchase of certain wildlife goods.

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