The ability to look at an item and remember what it looked like with just a split second of observation, or memorization, is the example of sensory memory.It is out of cognitive control and is an automatic response.
Module descriptions and information may vary between years This core module examines contemporary approaches to the past through a critical examination of current literature, case studies – mainly British, European and imperial/colonial – and fieldwork excursions in and around London.
History and Memory I and II are designed to explore the complex relationships between past and present, promote an understanding of the nature of history as a discipline, and investigate the social and public functions of historical research.
With very short presentations, participants often report that they seem to "see" more than they can actually report.
The first experiments exploring this form of sensory memory were precisely conducted by George Sperling (1963) using the "partial report paradigm".
Memory is not a perfect processor, and is affected by many factors.
The ways by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved can all be corrupted.
Conrad (1964) found that test subjects had more difficulty recalling collections of letters that were acoustically similar (e.g. Confusion with recalling acoustically similar letters rather than visually similar letters implies that the letters were encoded acoustically.
Conrad's (1964) study, however, deals with the encoding of written text; thus, while memory of written language may rely on acoustic components, generalisations to all forms of memory cannot be made.
Our case studies are global in reach, with a particular interest in dealing with the past.
As well as seminar- and library-based research, you will be expected to visit sites in London including: St Clement Danes Church (the ‘RAF Church’); Brick Lane; the Foundling Museum; St Paul’s Cathedral; the Old Operating Theatre at Guy’s Hospital; Postman’s Park; the Enlightenment Galleries at the British Museum, and the various locations featured in ‘Imperial Images’ podcast.