Locke read widely in these fields, participated in various experiments, and became acquainted with Robert Boyle and many other notable natural philosophers.
He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism, and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government.
He was also influential in the areas of theology, religious toleration, and educational theory.
Indeed, on one occasion Locke participated in a very delicate surgical operation which Ashley credited with saving his life.
Ashley was one of the most prominent English politicians at the time.
One of his earliest substantive works, the Essays on the Law of Nature, was developed in the course of his teaching duties.
Much of Locke’s intellectual effort and energy during his time at Oxford, especially during his later years there, was devoted to the study of medicine and natural philosophy (what we would now call science).Locke’s emphasis on the philosophical examination of the human mind as a preliminary to the philosophical investigation of the world and its contents represented a new approach to philosophy, one which quickly gained a number of converts, especially in Great Britain.In addition to this broader project, the Essay contains a series of more focused discussions on important, and widely divergent, philosophical themes.The mind is then able to examine, compare, and combine these ideas in numerous different ways.Knowledge consists of a special kind of relationship between different ideas.His family was well-to-do, but not of particularly high social or economic standing.Locke spent his childhood in the West Country and as a teenager was sent to Westminster School in London.In his most important work, the Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Locke set out to offer an analysis of the human mind and its acquisition of knowledge.He offered an empiricist theory according to which we acquire ideas through our experience of the world.John Locke was born in 1632 in Wrington, a small village in southwestern England.His father, also named John, was a legal clerk and served with the Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War.