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It was there that they heard Tetzel’s famous cry, “When the coin in the coffer rings/the soul from purgatory springs,” and brought it back to Luther.While the local sale of indulgences was the impetus for Luther’s writing, his rethinking of certain scholastic assumptions about sin, grace, and free will led the Wittenberg professor to question the penitential theories supporting the sale of indulgences.
Papal indulgences went back to the eleventh century, when Urban II offered a plenary indulgence for all who participated in a crusade.
Scholastic theologians of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries expanded the argument to include the papal authorization of forgiveness and thus release from purgatory in exchange for acts of penance.
He who spends money on indulgences instead of relieving want receives not the indulgence of the pope but the indignation of God. Indulgences are most pernicious because they induce complacency and thereby imperil salvation.
Those persons are damned who think that letters of indulgence make them certain of salvation.
The sale of indulgences became a means for obtaining church financial support and in the case of sixteenth-century Germany was the source Albrecht von Hohenzollern used to repay the debt he incurred purchasing a papal dispensation to obtain the Mainz bishopric.
In 1515, Leo X published a papal bull suspending all other preaching or sale of indulgences in the lands of Albrecht (Mainz, Magdeburg, Brandenburg) other than those instituted for the purpose of repaying the loan the new archbishop of Mainz took out for his see, with half of the proceeds going to the project of rebuilding St. Albrecht commissioned the Leipzig Dominican John Tetzel to this end and over the course of 1517 he preached indulgences throughout the region, even reaching the border of Saxony, where parishioners from Wittenberg would travel to obtain them.
Peter's and give the money to the poor folk who are being fleeced by the hawkers of indulgences." 2.
The pope would do better to give everything away without charge." 3.
Before long, all the churches, palaces, walls and bridges of Rome will be built out of our money. To say that souls are liberated from Purgatory is audacious.
First of all, we should rear living temples, not local churches, and only last of all St. To say they are released as soon as the coffer rings is to incite avarice.