This is especially the case with those locked in fierce regional rivalries.
It centers on a global coalition of nations taking national initiatives to move the world back from the nuclear precipice by means of a long-term work plan.
On the part of all nations engaged in this joint enterprise, there should be tangible, convincing commitments to near-term actions, agreed among the relevant nations, regionally as well as on the global level. The political leadership in some nuclear-armed states won’t initially be prepared to endorse the concept of a world without nuclear weapons.
Steadiness of purpose over time will be required—not an easy thing to do.
But this kind of persistence has been shown by many nations in recent history.
The Task Force emphasizes that post-Cold War changes in the security environment call for renewed American leadership to shape U. CFR also thanks the Robina Foundation for its support of CFR's work on nuclear energy and nuclear nonproliferation through the International Institutions and Global Governance program.
The statements made and views expressed in this report are solely the responsibility of the Task Force members.This problem led four Cold War statesmen—George Shultz, William Perry, Henry Kissinger, and Sam Nunn—to call for the elimination of the nuclear threat. Yet the solidarity of nations needed to deal with this threat is not evident.This chapter outlines an approach for creating the conditions for a world without nuclear weapons.It was shown by the United States during the more than four decades of the Cold War.This new struggle would become the defining hallmark of this era, which is still called “post-Cold War” because it has few defining features of its own.A factor almost completely absent in the middle years of the twentieth century is prominent today: the devolution of state authority to institutions and organizations, including terrorist groups, that can wield great power for either good or malign purposes.As a result, the odds of a nuclear weapon being used today are greater than during the Cold War, even if the prospect of a civilization-ending nuclear exchange between the United States and Russia has been dramatically reduced.The latter trend culminated in 2017 with the negotiation of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), which seeks to promote disarmament by strengthening the global stigma on nuclear weapons. Most nuclear weapon states have rejected this approach and have identified the treaty itself as a threat. This process would be a key element of a joint enterprise.A joint enterprise as discussed in this chapter would be an effort by nations, launched at the summit level and conducted over a long period of time, to control the destructive nuclear forces that threaten to overwhelm them.