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After four generations, the following results were obtained.
Explain how ATP is involved in each example you choose.
Unit 5 (Meiosis, Mendelian Genetics, DNA Replication) 17.
Begin with the separation of the messenger RNA from the DNA template and end with the release of the protein at the plasma membrane. Describe the steps of protein synthesis, beginning with the attachment of a messenger RNA molecule to the small subunit of a ribosome and ending generalized with the release of the polypeptide from the ribosome.
Include in your answer a discussion of how the different types of RNA function in this process. The diagram below shows a segment of DNA with a total length of 4,900 base pairs.
Describe each classical experiment and indicate how it provided evidence for the chemical nature of the gene. Discuss Mendel’s laws of segregation and independent assortment.
Explain how the events of meiosis I account for the observations that led Mendel to formulate these laws. An organism is heterozygous at two genetic loci on different chromosomes.Include in your discussion the major reactions, the end products, and energy transfers. The rate of photosynthesis may vary with changes that occur in environmental temperature, wavelength of light, and light intensity.Using a photosynthetic organism of your choice, choose only ONE of the three variables (temperature, wavelength of light, or light intensity) and for this variable 12.Scientists recently have proposed a reorganization of the phylogenetic system of classification to include the domain, a new taxonomic category higher (more inclusive) than the Kingdom category, as shown in the following diagram.Universal Ancestor Domain Bacteria Domain Archaea Domain Eukarya (Eubacteria) (Archaebacteria) (Eukaryotes) Unit 10 (Vertebrates, Basic Animal Structure and Function) 39.In most cases, neither parent of affected offspring has the condition. This trait is determined by a single autosomal gene and is expressed as two phenotypes.A new population was created by crossing 51 pure breeding (homozygous) dominant individuals with 49 pure breeding (homozygous) individuals.Select two of the following three pairs and discuss the evolutionary relationships between the two members of each pair you have chosen.In your discussion include structural adaptations and the functional significance.methionine – leucine – glutamic acid – proline – arginine Describe the steps in the synthesis of this polypeptide.What would be the effect of a deletion or an addition in one of the DNA nucleotides?