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Confirming diagnosis is made by laboratory examination of the patient’s blood.
Free research paper example on Malaria: In humans Malaria is caused by one of four different protozoan parasites; Plasmodium vivax, P. The disease is thought to have been brought to North America in the 16th and 17th centuries via African slaves and European colonists (Turkington, 1998).
It has been mentioned in ancient Sanskrit and Chinese documents.
The antibiotic Doxycycline, inhibits bacterial growth by decreasing protein synthesis which is a necessary component of DNA and RNA (Lehne, 2001).
These are only two of many antimalarial drugs to choose from, others include: Lariam, Aralen and Plaquenil(Mc Connell, 2002).
We are also contributing to the spread of the disease by way of fast and convenient air travel.
We are able to travel from one corner of the globe to another in a matter of days, which in some instances is less time than it takes to notice the first signs of malaria.In twelve days there will be many thousand young parasites known as merozoites in one liver cell.The liver cell then ruptures and releases these merozoites into the blood stream where they enter the red blood cells.Depending on these criteria malaria can become rapidly fatal within as little as 24 hours. Antibodies are produced during an infection but they do not protect against future exposure or contraction of the disease (Turkington & Ashby, 1998).The common clinical presentation of the disease includes: fever, chills, headache, mayalgias, arthralgias, weakness, vomiting, and diarrhea. Symptoms can progress rapidly into more sever complications.These sporozoites make their way to the salivary glands of the mosquito and are transferred into a human host when the mosquito bites (Center for Disease Control).We can write a Custom Research Paper on Malaria for you!Complications such as: anemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, acute renal failure, pulmonary edema, liver failure, fluid, electrolyte and acid-base disturbances may develop due to the breakdown of microcirculation in the capillaries of the internal organs through uninhibited parasitic multiplication and pathological changes of the red blood cells (World Health Organization, 2003).Cerebral malaria is often a complication arising in adults infected with malaria.These undergo development into a zygote within the mosquito, which is known as the sporogonic cycle.This zygote moves into the mid-gut of the mosquito maturing into an oocyst which then ruptures releasing sporozoites.