Systematic Literature Review Methods

Systematic Literature Review Methods-31
You should include all relevant studies in your systematic review, regardless of the language they were published in, so as to avoid language bias. Goes beyond mere description to include degree of analysis and conceptual innovation. Generic term: published materials that provide examination of recent or current literature.

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It is also a good place to plan out inclusion/exclusion criteria, databases that will be searched, data abstraction and management methods, and how the studies will be assessed for methodological quality. Teams or often composed of subject experts, two or more literature screeners, a librarian to conduct the search, and a statistician to analyze the data. There are many types of bias, including selection, performance, & reporting bias, and assessing the risk of bias of individual studies is an important part of your study design.

Do you have the time that it takes to properly conduct a systematic review? Can you afford to have articles in languages other than English translated? Pub Med PMID: 19490148 Aims to demonstrate writer has extensively researched literature and critically evaluated its quality.

Here is a search in the Pub Med database for some example reviews that have followed the PRISMA format.

The PRISMA Group have developed several extensions to the original PRISMA reporting standard for different types or aspects of systematic reviews, they include the following: Here is a summary of what support Himmelfarb Librarians can offer to help with the literature search for your systematic review.

If you are investigating a well defined problem for which there exists several large clinical trials that follow quantitative research methods you will want to write an review to summarise the results of trials and provide cumulative evidence about the efficacy of one specific intervention/treatment/dose. , doi:10.1016/20 When writing up the results of your systematic review for publication in a journal article for a wider professional audience you will need to include more detail about the methods you followed and the decisions you made on what studies to include/exclude from your review of the medical literature.

If you are investigating a less well understood problem for which there are few trials and/or you are reviewing observational data/qualitative research you will want to write a review. Alternatively you may wish to present the results of your literature review as a poster presentation such as: Abualenain, J., Alabdrabalnabi, T., Rasooly, I., Pines, J., Levett, P. The Impact of Interventions to Reduce Length of Stay in the Emergency Department: A Systematic Review. Abualenain at the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM) 2013 Annual Meeting in Atlanta, Georgia, May 14-18, 2013. For a narrative review guidelines on how to write up for publication are on the next tab of this research guide titled Types of literature review & methods.

Having decided what type of literature review you wish to carry out, the next decision to think about is what is best way to present the information to your audience. Review: Dabigatran increases MI and reduces mortality compared with warfarin, enoxaparin, or placebo. Or publish your literature review in a journal article such as: Meier, E. The rest of this research guide will focus on how to write up for publication an analytical review following the PRISMA guidelines (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses).

For a small audience such as journal club, grand rounds, or a conference proceedings, an analytical review can be summarised in a short review format such as: Cairns, J. The PRISMA guidelines consist of a 27-item checklist and a four phase flow diagram.

Before beginning a systematic review, researchers should address these questions: Is there is enough literature published on the topic to warrant a review?

Systematic reviews are designed to distill the evidence from many studies into actionable insights.


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