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The EPA also states that the United State's most common contaminants are bacteria, mercury, phosphorus and nitrogen.
For over 1 billion people on the planet, clean water is nearly impossible to get.
Dirty, polluted water can make them sick and is especially tough on young children.
When particles like sulfur dioxide get high into the air they can combine with rain to produce acid rain.
Acid rain can turn lakes acidic, killing fishes and other animals.
Commercial or industrial waste is a significant portion of solid waste.
According to the University of Utah, industries use 4 million pounds of materials in order to provide the average American family with needed products for one year.Some bacteria and pathogens in water can make people so sick they can die.Types of Water Pollutants There are many sources of water pollution.Plastics comprised about 13% of the solid waste, while rubber, leather and textiles made up 9.5% and metals 9%.Wood contributed to 6.2% of the garbage; glass was 4.4% and other miscellaneous materials made up about 3%.Oil Spills Some of the most famous incidents of water pollution have been oil spills.One was the Exxon Valdez oil spill which occurred when an oil tanker hit a reef off the coast of Alaska and over 11 million gallons of oil spilled into the ocean.Land can become polluted by household garbage and by industrial waste. A little over half of the waste — 136 million tons— was gathered in landfills. Organic material was the largest component of the garbage generated, the EPA said.In 2014, Americans produced about 258 million tons of solid waste, according to the U. Paper and paperboard accounted for more than 26%; food was 15% and yard trimmings were 13%.Water pollution happens when chemicals or dangerous foreign substances are introduced to water, including chemicals, sewage, pesticides and fertilizers from agricultural runoff, or metals like lead or mercury.According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 44% of assessed stream miles, 64% of lakes and 30% of bay and estuarine areas are not clean enough for fishing and swimming.