FORMATTING TIPS: In this section, you interpret your findings for the reader in relation to previous research and the literature as a whole.
You can also include a research question, hypothesis, and/or objectives at the end of this section.
FORMATTING TIPS: This is the part of your paper that explains how the research was done.
The four main elements of a scientific paper can be represented by the acronym IMRa D: introduction, methods, results, and discussion.
Other sections, along with a suggested length,* are listed in the table below. Now, let's go through the main sections you might have to prepare to format your paper.
Follow your style guide; if no guidelines are provided, choose a citation format and be consistent.
FORMATTING TIPS: In this optional section, you can present nonessential information that further clarifies a point without burdening the body of the paper.
FORMATTING TIPS: This is the reader's first impression of your paper, so it should be clear and concise.
Include relevant background information on your topic, using in-text citations as necessary.
Do you have any tables, graphs, or images in your research? Nothing is more frustrating to a reviewer than vague sentences about a variable being significant without any supporting details.
If so, you should become familiar with the rules for referring to tables and figures in your scientific paper. The author guidelines for the journal Nature recommend that the following be included for statistical testing: the name of each statistical analysis, along with its n value; an explanation of why the test was used and what is being compared; and the specific alpha levels and P values for each test.